Profiles' explorer

Percentage of profile by social group
Click on a district to display the profile for each social group.

Mismatches' explorer

Click on a district to display the profile for each social group.

Clusters' explorer

The V-test is proportional to the difference between the average mismatch in a given cluster and the average mismatch in the whole region.

This interactive web application has been designed to provide an easy-to-use interface to visualize the gender-, age- and educational-based mismatch in hourly population profiles at district level in France. It was developed in the framework of the DAYCOURSE project and the Mobiliscope platform.

This interactive application is composed of three tabs that focus on the visualisation of several analysis conducted in this paper. The first tab (Profiles) presents the spatial distribution of the six hourly profiles according to the total population and social groups according to gender (men and women), age groups (16-24 years, 25-34 years, 35-64 years and 65 years and more) and levels of education (low, middle-low, middle-high and high). The second tab (Mismatch) displays a map of mismatches in hourly profiles within gender, age and education social groups. Finally, the third tab (Cluster) presents the spatial distribution of districts exhibiting similarities in their within-mismatch values as resulting from cluster analysis.

Initial data of hourly populations estimations in every district (coming from origin-destination surveys) are displayed in the Mobiliscope platform and made also availaible under ODbL license here ( We thank the Mobiliscope team (specifically Aurélie Douet), funders (CNRS, Labex DynamiTe and ANCT) and data provider (Cerema via ADISP). We thank also the collective Eighties and members of the DAYCOURSE project for the stimulating exchanges.


Maxime Lenormand & Julie Vallée


Vallée J & Lenormand M (2021) Intersectional approach of everyday geography. arXiv preprint arXiv:2106.15492.

Code & Data

Source code available here


Coded under License GPLv3