Profiles' explorer

Percentage of profile by social group
Click on a district to display the profile for each social group.

Mismatches' explorer

Click on a district to display the profile for each social group.

Clusters' explorer

The V-test is proportional to the difference between the average mismatch in a given cluster and the average mismatch in the whole region.

This interactive web application has been designed to provide an easy-to-use interface to visualize the gender-, age- and educational-based mismatch in hourly population profiles at district level in France. It was developed in the framework of the Mobiliscope.

This interactive application is composed of three tabs that focus on the visualisation of several analysis conducted in this paper [1]. The first tab (Profiles) presents the spatial distribution of the five hourly profiles according to the total population and social groups according to gender (men and women), age groups (16-24 years, 25-34 years, 35-64 years and 65 years and more) and levels of education (low, middle-low, middle-high and high). The second tab (Mismatch) displays a map of mismatches in hourly profiles within gender, age and education social groups. Finally, the third tab (Cluster) presents the spatial distribution of districts exhibiting similarities in their within-mismatch values as resulting from cluster analysis.

Initial data of hourly populations estimations in every district (coming from origin-destination surveys) are displayed in the Mobiliscope platform (v4.1) and made also available under ODbL license here [2]. We thank the Mobiliscope team (in particular Aurélie Douet and Guillaume Le Roux), its partners and funders (CNRS, ANCT, Ined and Labex DynamiTe) as well as the French data producers (Cerema and DRIEA) and their main distributor (Progedo-Adisp). We thank also members of the collective Eighties for the stimulating exchanges.


Maxime Lenormand & Julie Vallée


[1] Vallée J & Lenormand M (2024) Intersectional approach of everyday geography. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science 51, 346-365.
[2] Vallée J, Douet A, Le Roux G, Commenges H, Lecomte C & Villard E (2022) Mobiliscope, a geovisualization platform to explore cities around the clock (v4.1_Extract of French Data) [Data set]. Zenodo

Code & Data

Source code available here


Coded under License GPLv3